Friday, March 30, 2007

Richard Bauckham on Colossians 1:24

I have just uploaded the following short article in PDF:

Richard J. Bauckham, "Colossians 1:24 Again: The Apocalypse Note," The Evangelical Quarterly 47.3 (July-Sept. 1975): 168-170.

Dr Bauckham concludes in part:
But the force of tou christou is not that Christ (individual or corporate) suffers: it is that suffering is required by the ministry of bearing witness to Christ. The afflictions are “Christ’s” in precisely the sense in which Luke conceives the Church in Acts as continuing the work begun by Christ in his earthly ministry. They are not the redemptive sufferings of Christ (for which thlipsis is never used), but those subsequent afflictions of the Church through which the new age is being brought to birth. They are “deficient” so long as the work of suffering witness is incomplete, i.e. until the parousia, but Paul sees himself as playing a large part in marking up the deficiency by virtue of his apostolic ministry. This interpretation of Col. 1: 24 meets the requirements of its context as Dr. Trudinger’s does not, but at the same time avoids the difficult notions of corporate personality or mystical union and can only be accused of detracting from the sufficiency of Christ’s sufferings if the missionary task of the Church be thought to do that.

Thursday, March 29, 2007

Richard Bauckham on the Role of the Spirit in the Apocalypse

The following article is now available in PDF:

Richard J. Bauckham, "The Role of the Spirit in the Apocalypse," Evangelical Quarterly 52.2 (Apr.-June. 1980): 66-83.

Since the Apocalypse is the one book in the New Testament which expressly claims to be a prophecy, a study of the leading part which it gives to the Spirit is bound to be of special interest and importance. Some years ago Dr. Bauckham read a paper on this subject to the New Testament Study Group of the Tyndale Fellowship for Biblical Research. This article is a revised version of that paper.
[Adapted from the EQ editor's foreword]

Monday, March 26, 2007

F.F. Bruce on the Fourth Evangelist

The following article is now available on-line in PDF:

F.F. Bruce, "Some Notes on the Fourth Evangelist," The Evangelical Quarterly 16 (1944): 101-109.

F.F. Bruce examines what light the evidence of the early church throws on the authorship of the Gospel of John.

Christian Enquiry Agency Blog Launched

Gareth Squire, the new director of the Christian Enquiry Agency has launched a blog to publicise the latest developments in evangelism in the UK. If you are interested in this subject, then this is one to bookmark.

Saturday, March 24, 2007

Vox Evangelica Volume 8 (1973) now on-line

The following articles are now available in PDF:

Donald J. Wiseman, "Law and Order in Old Testament Times," Vox Evangelica 8 (1973): 5-21.

Leslie C. Allen, "Micah's Social Concern," Vox Evangelica 8 (1973): 22-32.

Arthur E. Cundall, "The United Monarchy: Fact or Fiction?" Vox Evangelica 8 (1973): 33-39.

Arthur Cundall, who wrote the Tyndale OT Commentary on Judges, always has something insightful to say about the period of the Judges and the Monarchy and this article is no exception. He concludes:

We conclude our study with a few brief observations concerning the differences in organisation between Judah and Israel at this point. The accession of Rehoboam in Judah appears to have been automatic, with the principle of dynastic rule through the Davidic covenant being firmly accepted. This did not obtain in the north, however. Rehoboam presented himself at Shechem, subsequently the first capital of Jeroboam’s kingdom and already a vitally important covenantal centre (cf. Deut. 27; Josh. 24; Judg. 9:6), for the acceptance of the northern tribes, possibly by acclamation (cf. 1 Sam. 10:24; 2 Kgs. 11:12). That he regarded it, mistakenly, as a mere formality, is incidental; what is important is that his accession involved a negotiated convenantal agreement with ‘the assembly of Israel’, a constituted body which still functioned in spite of almost eighty years of ‘united monarchy’ under David and Solomon (cf. the negotiations of 2 Sam. 3:17-21; 5:3 which reveal a similar pattern). Constitutionally, there were still two kingdoms, not one, and the renewed cry of 1 Kgs. 12:16 (cf. 2 Sam. 20:1) shows how deep­-seated was the hostility and desire for independence of the northern tribes. There was a ‘united monarchy’ in the sense that one king ruled over Israel as well as Judah, but any essential unity was conspicuously lacking.

Donald Guthrie, "The New Testament Approach to Social Responsibility," Vox Evangelica 8 (1973): 40-59.

Derek J. Tidball, "Some Contemporary Evangelicals and Social Thinking," Vox Evangelica 8 (1973): 60-79.

The final two articles are particularly relevant today with the recent release of the film Amazing Grace about the campaign of William Wilberforce to abolish slavery.

Volume 9 is scheduled to appear about mid April. For the next few weeks I will be republishing (among others) a series of articles from Evangelical Quarterly by F.F. Bruce, Richard Bauckham and John Oswalt.

Thursday, March 15, 2007

F.F.Bruce on the Origin of the Alphabet

The following article is now on-line in PDF:

F.F. Bruce, "The Origin of the Alphabet," Journal of the Transactions of the Victoria Institute 80 (1948): 1-11.

F.F. Bruce on the Sources of the Gospels

The following article is now available on-line in PDF:

F. F. Bruce, "The Sources of the Gospels," Journal of the Transactions of the Victoria Institute 75 (1943): 1-19.

Bruce offers some valuable advice to NT students:
One danger must be guarded against. The quest for Gospel sources may prove so fascinating and their hypothetical recon­struction so engrossing that the student is apt to forget that the actual four Gospels as they have come down to us are much more important than any putative sources, if only because they are not speculatively reconstructed documents but individual works of literature which have been transmitted to us from the first century of our era. Each had its own characteristic view­point and its own immediate circle of readers, though it is the one Christ and the one Gospel that all four present. And it is these four Gospels, and not any hypothetical sources, that have come down to us from early days with the general consensus of Christians as the divinely inspired fourfold record of God’s culminating self-revelation to men, when “the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us.”

Tuesday, March 13, 2007

A Bruce-fest on Theology on the Web

I have recently received permission to reproduce around thirty articles by the late Professor F.F. Bruce orignally published in Evangelical Quarterly and the Bulletin of the John Ryland's Library. I am in the process of gathering copies of the articles together and hope to start work on them later this year. I have compiled a bibliography of F.F. Bruce's works on

John Nolland on Matthew's Genealogy

The following article is now avialable on-line in PDF:

John Nolland, "Jechoniah and His Brothers (Matthew 1:11)," Bulletin for Biblical Research 7 (1997): 169-178.

The abstract reads:

Matthew directs his reader’s engagement with the genealogy he provides by means of framing materials and the use of internal annotation. The omis­sion of three generations of kings from the genealogical list (1:8) and the confusions involved in identifying Josiah as father of Jechoniah and his brothers (v. 11) can be shown to have a similar annotative role: by careful manipulation of the traditions available to him Matthew is able to use these apparent aberrations not only to achieve his fourteen generations schema, but also to evoke significant elements in the history of the period covered by his genealogy.

Andreas Kostenberger on Women's God-ordained Roles

I have just uploaded the following article in PDF:

Andreas J. Kostenberger, "Ascertaining Women's God-Ordained Roles: An Interpretation of 1 Timothy 2:15," Bulletin for Biblical Research 7 (1997): 107-144.

The abstract reads:
Puzzling as it is, the statement of 1 Tim 2:15, “Women will be saved through childbearing,” is a significant passage regarding the issue of women’s God­-ordained roles. After an initial survey of the passage’s history of inter­pretation, the essay is devoted to a detailed investigation of the phrase sothesetai dia tes teknogonias. Subsequently, the present passage is inter­preted in light of a major but thus far overlooked theme found in 1 Timothy. The article concludes with a brief discussion of some implications for the contemporary church and culture.

Friday, March 09, 2007

Vox Evangelica Volume 7 (1971) now on-line

The following articles are now available in PDF:

F.F. Bruce, "Some Thoughts on Paul and Paulinism," Vox Evangelica 7 (1971): 5-16.

H. Dermot McDonald, "The Idea of Immortality," Vox Evangelica 7 (1971): 17-38.

David R. Carnegie, "The Kerygma in the Fourth Gospel," Vox Evangelica 7 (1971): 39-74.

In this extensive article David Carnegie explores the meaning a content of the Kerygma. He concludes:

This study suggests two major conclusions. In the first place, it seems impossible to deny that the Primitive Kerygma has exerted a profound influence on the Fourth Gospel. Again and again we have observed how the great developed themes of the Gospel may be traced back to the earliest preaching. We may therefore stress the claim that the really significant background to the Fourth Gospel must be sought in the earliest Christianity. Arising from this we may affirm that the real contribution of the Gospel is not to innovate nor to correct, but to enrich the content of already existing ideas. The strong link with primitive Christianity also increases the confidence with which we can assert Apostolic connection with it, if not actual authorship.

The second major point is that we have seen that the Fourth Gospel develops and enriches the original concepts along lines that are primarily Biblical and Jewish. The Fourth Gospel does not, therefore, represent a development along lines foreign to the original proclamation.

Since it has been consistently argued that the influence of Hellenism and Gnosticism is marginal (if that), it should be added that this does not mean that the writer did not present his material in such a way as would be intelligible to those of such outlooks. The intention of this study has rather been to stress how at every vital point the writer reveals his affinity to be firmly with the primitive preaching. It is surely part of the wonder of this Gospel that, inspired by the Holy Spirit, the writer has presented a message capable of reaching the mind of the Hellenist or Gnostic which was nevertheless entirely true to the earliest preaching of the Gospel.

Harold H. Rowdon, "Theological Education in Historical Perspective," Vox Evangelica 7 (1971): 75-87.

Thursday, March 08, 2007

Book Aid z-shop launched on Amazon

For the last 20 years Book Aid has organised the collection of Christian books from the UK and sent them out to the "book famine" areas of Africa and other parts of the Third world. There they are sold in Christian bookshops to fund local ministries. My wife and I have supported their work since 2006 by selling some of the books that were not required overseas on Amazon Marketplace. The profits from these sales have gone towards the shipping of titles that are wanted.

Such has been the success of the project to date that we have just upgraded to an Amazon z-shop, giving us our own "store-front" on Amazon located here. Many of the books have been bought by students and ministers as they often appear on university reading lists.

Over the next few days we will be adding around 100 new titles, so why not surf by for a visit?